Hematoxylin and Eosin staining : Principle, Procedure and Interpretation

Hematoxylin and Eosin (H & E) staining is the most common staining technique in histopathology. This uses a combination of two dyes, Hematoxylin and Eosin used for demonstration of nucleus and cytoplasmic inclusions in clinical specimens.


Alum acts as mordant and hematoxylin containing alum stains the nucleus light blue. This turns red in presence of acid, as differentiation is achieved by treating the tissue with acid solution. Bluing step converts the initial soluble red color within the nucleus to an insoluble blue color. The counterstaining is done by using eosin which imparts pink color to the cytoplasm.


    1. Harri’s Hematoxylin stain

A = 1 gm hematoxylin in 10 ml ethanol
B = 20 gm ammonium alum in hot distilled water
Mix A & B, boil and add 0.5 gm of mercuric oxide and filter.

    1. Eosin solution

Yellow eosin = 1 gm
Distilled water = 80 ml
Ethanol = 320 ml
Glacial Acetic Acid = 2 drops

  1. 0.5% HCl
  2. Dilute ammonia water


  1. Deparaffinize the section : flame the slide on burner and place in the xylene. Repeat the treatment.
  2. Hydration : Hydrate the tissue section by passing through decreasing concentration of alcohol baths and water. (100%, 90%, 80%, 70%)
  3. Stain in hematoxylin for 3-5 minutes
  4. Wash in running tap water until sections “blue” for 5 minutes or less.
  5. Differentiate in 1% acid alcohol (1% HCl in 70% alcohol) for 5 minutes.
  6. Wash in running tap water until the sections are again blue by dipping in an alkaline solution (eg. ammonia water) followed by tap water wash.
  7. Stain in 1% Eosin Y for 10 minutes
  8. Wash in tap water for 1-5 minutes
  9. Dehydrate in increasing concentration of alcohols and clear in xylene
  10. Mount in mounting media
  11. Observe under microscope

Result and Interpretation


Nuclei : blue, black

Cytoplasm : Pink

Muscle fibres : deep red

RBCs : orange red

Fibrin : deep pink

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15 Responses to Hematoxylin and Eosin staining : Principle, Procedure and Interpretation

  1. mithun April 14, 2015 at 6:20 am #

    Hai i am lab technician , and also bsc(microbiology) i like your artile from many technician technician gain knowledge

    • Bilal August 31, 2016 at 9:16 pm #


  2. dushyanth bollu April 3, 2016 at 9:02 am #

    Hai this is dushyanth. This information is good for students and technicians.

  3. johnson ondere April 9, 2016 at 9:08 am #

    thanks for your teachi ng techniques, am astudend in medical lab tech

  4. nikita June 18, 2016 at 10:51 am #

    hello, i like this we need more of these. why cant we just dewax in xylene rather than flaming, it gives good results.

    • Attowey August 5, 2016 at 4:46 am #

      Flaming before going into xylene facilitates the dewaxing process in xylene. It makes it quicker

  5. bravo October 13, 2016 at 7:52 am #

    Thid is very useful piece of info

  6. Erick Adrian November 29, 2016 at 4:34 pm #

    Dear Dhurba Giri, Please contact me through my mail id europathology@pathologyseries.com

  7. mandip December 10, 2016 at 3:04 pm #

    what haematoxylin? Harris or delafield

  8. khalid elfakki abdalla ibrahim March 23, 2017 at 10:37 am #

    Differentiate in 1% acid alcohol (1% HCl in 70% alcohol) for 5 minutes. from my long experience in this field I think 5 minutes it very long time only few seconds it enough to remove excess stain

  9. Dr. Mohit V. Changanj April 6, 2017 at 2:54 pm #

    One major issue…. After staining with eosin, when we put the slide in increasing grade of alcohol, the alcohol removes the eosin… What to do of that…. Kindly mail me or msg me if anyone has solution…

  10. Sivagami April 12, 2017 at 6:18 pm #

    HaI I am sivagami this information good

  11. akansha April 16, 2017 at 7:14 pm #

    I want to know about staining of nucliec acid

  12. Ashik A June 18, 2017 at 5:31 am #

    I really like ur notes..it’s very simple nd easy to understand….

  13. Neha June 26, 2017 at 7:23 am #

    Thanks for giving good knowledge..

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