Difference between Haploid and Diploid

All living organisms have genes that contain distinct traits and qualities inherited from the parents. Genes are found on chromosomes – the structural organization of DNA. Sexually reproducing organisms have the genetic materials of both parents, which means they have two sets of chromosomes (diploid). What is a chromosome? It is a double-helix structure where […]

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Difference between Cation and Anion

Ions are one of the common words you will hear in the chemistry subject. They are formed from atoms and electrons by way of adding or removing one or more valence electrons, which could either be a positive or negative charge. Negatively charged ions are referred to as anion while positively charged ions are cations. […]

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Difference between Plant cell and Animal cell

Cells are the basic unit of life all living things have cells. It is the cell that carries out all essential life processes. Being living things, animals and plants share common cellular structures. Plants and animals have a lot of similarities and differences in common. They both made up of millions of cells which are […]

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Difference between Bacteria and Virus

Bacteria and viruses are the culprit of many common infections. However, there are differences between the two infectious organisms (Bacteria Vs Viruses). Key differences Bacteria Viruses Definition  They are unicellular organisms found in most habitats on earth. They are non-living particles consist of genetic material (RNA or DNA) enclosed by a protein core. They are […]

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Immunoelectrophoresis Test – Principle (Steps), Uses, Limitations and Facts

What is Immunoelectrophoresis? It is agar’s precipitation under the electric field. As the name suggests, it is a combination of electrophoresis and immune-diffusion. Immunoelectrophoresis is an umbrella term for a number of biochemical procedures to separate and characterize proteins according to electrophoresis and reaction with antibodies. Immunoelectrophoresis variants need immunoglobulins/antibodies to react to proteins to be […]

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What is Paper Chromatography – How does it work, procedure, applications, examples

What is Paper Chromatography ? There are different types of chromatography and one of them is paper chromatography. The entire procedure requires the use of a specialized paper, specifically, a cellulose filter paper that serves as a stationary phase where the separation of compounds happens. In other words, paper chromatography is a method that makes […]

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