Fungi is any group of eukaryotic, heterotrophic microorganisms, some members of which are capable of causing infections in humans, animals and plants.


General properties of fungi :

  • All of the fungi are Eukaryotic. They posses membrane bound cell organelles including nucleus, mitochondria, golgi apparatus, endoplasmic reticulum, vacuoles etc.
  • They have glucans, mannons and chitin (polysachharides) in their cell wall and ergosterol in cell membrane.
  • They are non motile because of having rigid cell wall.
  • All of the fungi are chemoheterotrophs. They require organic compounds for both carbon and energy sources.
  • They are osmotrophs – They obtain their nutrition by absorption.
  • Fungi are achlorophyllus i.e. lack chlorophyll pigments and are incapable of photosynthesis
  • Fungi may be unicellular (yeast) or multicellular (moulds).
  • All fungi are Gram Positive.
  • Most are aerobic and facultative anaerobic. Very few fungi are anaerobic.
  • Reproduction may be sexual or asexual. Many fungi reproduce both sexually and asexually.
  • Food storage is generally in the form of lipids and glycogen.

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