Perl’s prussian blue staining technique for hemosiderin

Hemosiderin is present in tissues as intracellular pigment. It contains iron in the form of ferric hydroxide that is bond to a protein framework.


The reaction occurs with the treatment of tissue sections with acid ferrocyanide solution. Any ferric ion (Fe3+) in the tissue combines with ferrocyanide and results in the formaion of a bright blue pigment called “prussian blue” or ferric ferrocyanide.


Avoid the use of acid fixatives. Chromates will also interfare with the preservation of iron.

Staining solution

  • 1% aqueous potassium ferrocyanide = 20 ml
  • 2% aqueous hydrochloric acid = 20 ml
  • Mix both


  1. Deparaffinize and bring the sections to water.
  2. Treat the sections with freshly prepared acid ferrocyanide solution for 10-30 minutes.
  3. Wash well in distilled water.
  4. Lightly stain the nuclei with 0.5% aqueous neutral red or 0.1% nuclear fast red.
  5. Wash rapidly in distilled water.
  6. Dehydrate, clear and mount.

Result and Interpretation


  • Ferric ion = blue
  • Nuclei = red
  • Background = pink
(Visited 3,578 times, 3 visits today)
About Dhurba Giri

Dhurba Giri is the author at, a scientific blog dedicated for Medical Laboratory Professionals. He’s a fresh graduate of Bachelor of Science in Medical Laboratory Technology (B.Sc.MLT) from Pokhara University, Nepal.
Connect with him on Facebook !

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published.